Throwback, Lesson Learned STBM in Desa Jantuk

Desa Jantuk, is one of village filed by YMP as favorites. Although the village residents coming from Sumbawa only have limited extent of land, the sanitation in each house is running well. Currently, the village is expecting to reclaim village land for waste disposal site.

Entering Desa Jantuk we saw white sacks hanging in front of some houses. In brief, this village has good sanitation. The white sacks contain garbage. Some contain used bottles and inorganic waste, and some others contain organic garbage or leaves. A woman in long dress was busy sweeping the dried leaves and disposing it in one of the sacks. Entering an alley to the house of the Head of Desa Jantuk, we saw different view. We walked past a water stream of approximately 2 meters wide containing dark water and waste.

We have no Land for Waste Dumpsite

“Of the five pillars of STBM, waste remains a big problem,” said Junaedi, A.Md., Head of Desa Jantuk. According to him, the main problem is that they do not have a waste dumpsite (TPA). Currently, although village residents have managed their waste at their own house yard, because they do not have the final waste dumpsite, they dispose it at the field or water stream.

“If we burn it, it will pollute the air,” said the Village Head. Some village residents live along the alleys inside the village. Thus we understand that burning the garbage will seriously contaminate the environment.

When STBM was introduced in Desa Jantuk, the village residents, particularly the women were enthusiastic to treat the domestic garbage, which is Pillar 4. The waste of plastic glass was recycled to become various functional products such as bowls, plates, bags, or even pillow stuffs. However, we don’t know why, it ended soon. Luckily, Junaedi still keep the produced handicrafts.

Although currently the village has no final waste dumpsite, Junaedi is optimistic. Desa Jantuk will reclaim a piece of land1 once sold by the village administrator . They planned that the land will be substituted for a piece of land near the village. There, they will build a final waste dumpsite.

The availability of land, according to Junaedi, is the main condition for the success of STBM, particularly pillar 5.

“We will issue a village regulation when we have prepared the land. Unless we have the land, where will they (village residents ) dispose the waste?” he said rhetorically.

Wedding Ceremony as Education Medium

Although the village still has problem with waste management, Junaedi feels satisfied with the achievement of the other four pillars, particularly Pillar 1. Yes. Pillar 1 (Stop Open Defecation), was a serious problem in this village due to the limited sanitation facilities. “Previously, in the morning or evening, children defecated along the sides of the road,” he memorized. The situation has changed. According to him, in addition to the hard work of the Posyandu Cadres, the change results from education on STBM by the Village Head in the wedding ceremonies. Why in wedding ceremonies?

“Here, different from other villages, when we have a wedding ceremony, we never invite. People will come without any invitation,” Junaedi said. Wedding ceremony is an effective social media to educate people about STBM. In addition, according to him, the characteristics of the village residents who are socially very competitive in sanitation facility of toilet, contribute much to the development of toilet.

Giving Example Instead of Instruction

Exciting the awareness among the village residents through instruction will not be effective. But giving example is effective. Village administrators, particularly, are obliged to give good examples to the village residents. Village Head said that one head of dusun initially refused to develop a toilet. “After we assigned him a village facilitator, thank God, he has changed,” he added.

Met at his home, Hilaludin, a village facilitator of Desa Jantuk who happened to be the Head of Dusun Lensok admitted that he was reprimanded by the Health Agency because he had not developed a toilet when the STBM SHAW was introduced. “It was because the land supposed to develop a toilet was still in legal dispute,” he said. Now, in front of his house, at the land previously in dispute, he has a toilet. Before the introduction of STBM, Hilal also admitted that he has facilitated ODF (Open Defecation Free) in his village, through WSLIC2 – so that he has been familiar with sanitation.

Before the introduction of STBM, although some village residents have received subsidy of cement and closet, they did not develop toilet. Village residents continued practicing open defecation in water stream. In STBM SHAW, the village provided 20 closets – but they were not directly distributed to the village residents. The village residents who need it would have to go to the village facilitators. After that, with the support from cadre and village facilitators, more village residents developed their own toilet. “Yes, 20 closets were only stimulants. Other toilets were prepared independently,” Hilal said. He feels proud when knowing the village residents with the toilet better than his own although they are economically poorer.

Meanwhile, the Village Head plans to use Dana Desa (APBN) for the development of a well in the mosque to supply water to all houses. Previously, this village already got subsidy of SPAL (Waste Water Disposal Canal) from the National Budget. It is expected that the implementation of 5-Pillar STBM in Desa Jantuk will be perfect.

Reflection

Change in Desa Jantuk, is driven by the strong commitment of the village to help the residents with the stimulant (Opportunity Determinant). The 20 freely distributed closets can only be obtained by the people who really want to develop toilet. This stimulation seems to be e ective. Many more people have developed personal toilets afterwards. This implied that the people of Jantuk want to have a strong desire to change (intention). In addition to that, according to the Village Head, some village residents are very competitive in the development of toilet. This has emotionally urged the people to develop their own toilet (Motivation Determinant).

Village residents also gain better knowledge on sanitation and waste management and treatment (Ability Determinant).

Unfortunately, the management of domestic waste ends at the house yard because they do not have any  nal waste dumpsite. However, at present, the village administrator has identi ed an opportunity to have the  nal waste dumpsite. The village administrator has also identi ed the opportunity to access subsidy for sanitation facility from government. With such knowledge, when the village already has the  nal waste dumpsite (TPA), integrated waste treatment, and well drained to the houses, they are likely to be successful in the implementation of 5-pillar total sanitation. The likelihood is even higher when it is supported by the issuance of the village regulation.

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Article by SIMAVI. Courtesy Photo, SIMAVI.

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